Motivation and its Effects on Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is the ability to interpret language and make meaning from the words on the page. It is an important skill that is essential not just for academic success, but also for daily life. One of the major factors that affect reading comprehension is motivation. In this essay, we will discuss the impact of motivation on reading comprehension.

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Why is Motivation Important?

Motivation is the driving force that makes a person want to read. When an individual is motivated to read, they are more likely to pay attention to the text and comprehend the information presented. There are two types of motivation; intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is the internal drive that comes from within us to do something because it is enjoyable or satisfying. Extrinsic motivation stems from external factors such as rewards, recognition, or competition. Both types of motivation are important in developing reading comprehension.

Types of Motivation:

Intrinsic motivation is essential for reading comprehension.  It encourages individuals to engage in reading activities that are personally relevant to them. Research has shown that reading material that is personally relevant can result in higher comprehension levels. For example, a student interested in dinosaurs may be more motivated to read a book about prehistoric animals. Reading books about topics that students are passionate about can lead to better reading comprehension, and increased reading time and engagement.

Extrinsic motivation can also impact reading comprehension. Rewards, such as positive feedback or prizes, can stimulate interest in reading and encourage individuals to invest more time and effort into the task. Research has shown that students who are promised rewards for reading can show improvement in their reading comprehension. However, care must be taken to ensure that the rewards offered do not overshadow the intrinsic motivation that comes with reading.

What Strategies Can Teachers Use?

There are several strategies that teachers can employ to enhance motivation in reading comprehension.

  1. One of these strategies is to offer choices in the books that students read. This is because when students have a choice in what they read, they are mgoal setting resourcesore likely to be interested in the subject matter and be motivated to read. Also, when students are allowed to read books that interest them it creates a fun and enjoyable learning atmosphere.
  2. Another important strategy is to set achievable reading goals. Goal setting is a powerful motivational tool that can help students focus on their reading goals and work towards achieving them. Providing consistent feedback to students who meet their reading goals can also enhance motivation. Teachers can also celebrate students who have achieved their goals with certificates or certificates of merit to encourage other students. Here are some ideas on how to make goal-setting easy and fun in your classroom!
  3. Peer support and social connection around reading can also enhance motivation. Reading clubs or book clubs provide an opportunity for students to discuss what they have read, learn from each other, and reflect on their own reading experiences. This promotes social interaction and encourages students to take a greater interest in reading.
  4. Multi-modal teaching is another essential way to enhance motivation in reading comprehension. Multi-modal teaching involves the use of different learning styles to increase student engagement and participation. By using different learning styles such as visual, auditory, or kinesthetic, teachers can help students to retain more information, which can lead to better reading comprehension. Try these engagement strategies with your lessons to help!
  5. Teachers can also use technology to enhance motivation in reading comprehension. There are many online resources, such as digital libraries, audiobooks, and apps that can be used to make reading more interactive and engaging. Teachers can use technology to create and share digital learning materials with students to read and learn from using their mobile devices. Interactive multimedia can also be used as visual aids or enhancements to textual content.

Want more strategies?  Check out this post on 10 Ways to Motivate Your Readers.

Motivation plays a significant role in reading comprehension. Both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are important in enhancing reading comprehension. Teachers should employ strategies such as providing choices in reading materials, setting achievable goals, creating a fun learning atmosphere, using multi-modal teaching, and using technology to enhance motivation in students. The enhanced motivation will lead to improved reading comprehension, which will, in turn, contribute to the success of the student’s academic life and lifelong learning.

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I’m a wife, a mommy of 3, blogger, and a full time teacher author and presenter. I love to read, shop, and spend time with my family! My hands are always busy, but my heart is so full!

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